The meaning of names among Mediterranean Jews

Marc Eliany ©

among other possible variations depending on the country and language of the person.

Sayag means jeweler in Arabic. The name is common among Jews in Moslem countries since Islam prohibited its followers from handling precious metals.

Prefixes attached to the root name such as (aben, iben, abi, avi, am, ben, bin, abou, a, aj, al, bel, ha, i, la, lel, me, m, o, wi, vi, ) denotes usually a relation to a person, i.e., the father of or the son of X, a place, i.e., a person from X, an occupation, i.e., a person who practices a specific occupation, a characteristic of a person, i.e., beautiful... The prefixes al, el are equivalent to 'the' in English or the article 'le' in French. In the Moroccan Berbers tradition, prefixes such as 'wi' 'vi' 'i' means usually a family relationship to X, the equivalent of Abu in Arabic, i.e., 'the father of', 'son of' a man, a tribal affiliation and so forth.In the Hebrew tradition, the prefix ‘M ‘ is an abbreviation of the word 'from.'

Suffixes such as 'i' or 'ri' 'ti' refer to an association with a person or a location, for example: arditi= from ardou or ard.
Suffixes such as 'illo' 'ano' 'ino'
'nino' are used in Spain and Italy to indicate descendence or association with an attribute.

ASSAYAG Motty (1943-). Morocco. Artist. Graduate of the Bezalel art academy in Israel. Known for his graphic illustrations of posters and books.
ASSAYAG Pinhas (XIXe-XXes.). Morocco (Tanger). Community leader. Journalist. Contributed to papers in Madrid.
ASSAYAG Amram (XXes.). Morocco. Rabbi in Toronto. Spiritual director of the Toronto Torah Center.
BenAssayag Issac (XIX) Industrialist. Founder of tobbacco manufacturing in Tanger (Sananes&BenAssayag).

Azoulay, Hayim Yossef Shem Hagdolim (the names of the great)

AZOULAY Haïm Yossef David (Hida) (1724-1807) Chém haguédolim va’ad lahakhamim (The names of the Great Council of Sages).

Levi, J et. al. 2000        Dictionnaire biographique du monde Juif Sepharade et Mediteranean, Editions Elysee, Montreal.

Toledano, J. 1983        La saga des familles, Les juifs du Maroc et leurs noms, Editions Stavit, Tel Aviv

Laredo A. 1978           Les noms des juifs au Maroc (Madrid, 1978)