The meaning of names among Mediterranean Jews

Marc Eliany ©

among other possible variations depending on the country and language of the person.

ASSEO or ASEO is a rare name in the inventory of Jewish Mediterranean creators reviewed here. It is represented by entries of the Balkan region. The name may be related to names such as Assus or Assouline. The name may be of Hebrew origin, refering to the word 'A'z' = strong, powerful, smart, sharp.

Prefixes attached to the root name such as (aben, iben, abi, avi, am, ben, bin, abou, a, aj, al, bel, ha, i, la, lel, me, m, o, wi, vi, ) denotes usually a relation to a person, i.e., the father of or the son of X, a place, i.e., a person from X, an occupation, i.e., a person who practices a specific occupation, a characteristic of a person, i.e., beautiful... The prefixes al, el are equivalent to 'the' in English or the article 'le' in French. In the Moroccan Berbers tradition, prefixes such as 'wi' 'vi' 'i' means usually a family relationship to X, the equivalent of Abu in Arabic, i.e., 'the father of', 'son of' a man, a tribal affiliation and so forth.In the Hebrew tradition, the prefix ‘M ‘ is an abbreviation of the word 'from.'

Suffixes such as oulah, oulay, ilah, ily, el, eli are used in Hebrew and Arabic to associate a name with God' blessing.

Suffixes such as 'i' or 'ri' 'ti' refer to an association with a person or a location, for example: arditi= from ardou or ard.
Suffixes such as 'illo' 'ano' 'ino'
'nino' are used in Spain and Italy to indicate descendence or association with an attribute.
Suffixes such as 'yah', 'yahu' 'hu' are used in Hebrew to denote God's benediction, for example: aviyah, aviyahu, avihu...
Suffixws such as 'oun' 'on' 'yout' 'out' characterize adjectives in Hebrew, for example: Hayoun, hayout...

ASSEO Jacques (XXes.). Bulgaria. Lived in USA. Community leader. Headed a committee to save Bulgarian Jews during WWII.
ASSEO Rahamim (XXes.). Bulgaria. Founder of the Bulgaro-Palestinian Bank. Linguist. Published Hebrew manuals for schools of the Alliance Israélite Universelle in Bulgaria and Palestine.
ASSÉO Henriette (XXes.). France. Originally from Salonica. Professor at l’École normale supérieure in Paris. Author of essays and poems on the Jews of Salonica and the Holocaust.
ASÉO Mordékhaï (?-1838). Turkey (Salonica). Rabbi. Author of Higuid Mordékhaï (Mordékhaï's tale).


Azoulay, Hayim Yossef Shem Hagdolim (the names of the great)

AZOULAY Haïm Yossef David (Hida) (1724-1807) Chém haguédolim va’ad lahakhamim (The names of the Great Council of Sages).

Levi, J et. al. 2000        Dictionnaire biographique du monde Juif Sepharade et Mediteranean, Editions Elysee, Montreal.

Toledano, J. 1983        La saga des familles, Les juifs du Maroc et leurs noms, Editions Stavit, Tel Aviv

Laredo A. 1978           Les noms des juifs au Maroc (Madrid, 1978)