The meaning of names among Mediterranean Jews
among other possible variations depending on the country and language of the person.
Al Bahari is represented by one entry from Bosnia. It is in all likelihood a name of Spanish/Moorish origin on the basis of its composition. It consist of the typical Arab prefix 'al' and the root 'bahar' = sea and the suffix 'i'. The name refers to the occupation of a sea-goer or sailor. Jews were involved in maritime activities around the time of the Expulsion from Spain. Some played an important role in international/maritime trading. Jews expelled from Spain in 1492 and from Portugal in 1497 found refuge in the Turkish Empire, among other places. An important Jewish community lived in Bosnia/Yogoslavia from the time the region was occupied by the Ottoman Empire. The name may have a Hebrew meaning, i.e., bahir = light, fair, blond.
to the root name such as (aben, iben, abe, abi, abou, aboul, avi, am, ben, bin,
abou, a, aj, al, af, aff, bel, even, ha, i, la, lel, me, m, o, wi, vi, ) denotes
usually a relation to a person, i.e., the father of or the son of X, a
place, i.e., a person from X, an occupation, i.e., a person who practices a
specific occupation, a characteristic of a person, i.e., beautiful... The prefixes
al, el are equivalent to 'the' in English or the article 'le' in French. In
the Moroccan Berbers tradition, prefixes such as 'wi' 'vi' 'i' means usually
a family relationship to X, the equivalent of Abu in Arabic, i.e., 'the father
of', 'son of' a man, a tribal affiliation and so forth.In
the Hebrew tradition, the prefix ‘M ‘ is an abbreviation of
the word 'from.'
prefixes such as 'Ab e' in the name Ab E Rgel consist of two elements Ab=father
and E=the. Complex
prefixes such as 'BarHa' in the name BarHaNess consist of two elements Bar=son
Complex prefixes such as 'BarHa' in the name BarHaNess consist of two elements Bar=son and Ha=the.
such as 'an' or 'in' denote affiliation or a characteristic in Aramaec. Suffixes
such as 'i' or 'ri' 'ti' refer to an association with a person or a location,
for example: arditi= from ardou 'nino' are used in Spain and Italy
to indicate descendence or association with an attribute.
Suffixes such as 'a' characterize ancient Hebrew names, i.e., AviHatsir'a'
Suffixes such as oulah, oulay, ilah, ily, el, eli are used in Hebrew and Arabic to associate a name with God' blessing.
Suffixes such as 'illo' 'ano' 'ino'
Suffixes such as 'yah', 'yahu' 'hu' are used in Hebrew to denote God's benediction, for example: aviyah, aviyahu, avihu...
Suffixes such as 'oun' 'on' 'yout' 'out' characterize adjectives in Hebrew, for example: Hayoun, hayout...
Suffixes such as 'i' or 'ri' 'ti' refer to an association with a person or a location, for example: arditi= from ardouor ard.
'nino' are used in Spain and Italy to indicate descendence or association with an attribute.
ALBAHARI Nissim (XXes.). Bosnia. Hero of WWII resistance in Yougoslavia.
ABEHSSERA Chalom Séfér youhassin (Genealogy Registers).
Azoulay, Hayim Yossef Shem Hagdolim (the names of the great)
AZOULAY Haïm Yossef David (Hida) (1724-1807) Chém haguédolim va’ad lahakhamim (The names of the Great Council of Sages).
Levi, J et. al. 2000 Dictionnaire biographique du monde Juif Sepharade et Mediteranean, Editions Elysee, Montreal.
Toledano, J. 1983 La saga des familles, Les juifs du Maroc et leurs noms, Editions Stavit, Tel Aviv
Laredo A. 1978 Les noms des juifs au Maroc (Madrid, 1978)