The meaning of names among Mediterranean Jews
among other possible variations depending on the country and language of the person.
Akrich is a relatively rare name. It is represented in our inventory by two rabbis from Spain and Turkey as well as a community leader in Panama. It seems the name is of an Arab origin but existing records point to a Spanish/Arab background. The family spread around the Mediterranean after the Expulsion from Spain. Some members of the family settled in Latin America.
The name consists of the prefix 'a' and 'krish' = thistle, thorn or perhaps 'stomach' in Arabic.
to the root name such as (aben, iben, abe, abi, abou, aboul, avi, am, ben, bin,
abou, a, aj, al, bel, even, ha, i, la, lel, me, m, o, wi, vi, ) denotes usually
a relation to a person, i.e., the father of or the son of X, a place, i.e.,
a person from X, an occupation, i.e., a person who practices a specific occupation,
a characteristic of a person, i.e., beautiful... The prefixes al, el are equivalent
to 'the' in English or the article 'le' in French. In the Moroccan Berbers tradition,
prefixes such as 'wi' 'vi' 'i' means usually a family relationship to X, the
equivalent of Abu in Arabic, i.e., 'the father of', 'son of' a man, a tribal
affiliation and so forth.In
the Hebrew tradition, the prefix ‘M ‘ is an abbreviation of
the word 'from.'
prefixes such as 'Ab e' in the name Ab E Rgel consist of two elements Ab=father
and E=the. Complex
prefixes such as 'BarHa' in the name BarHaNess consist of two elements Bar=son
Complex prefixes such as 'BarHa' in the name BarHaNess consist of two elements Bar=son and Ha=the.
such as 'an' or 'in' denote affiliation or a characteristic in Aramaec. Suffixes
such as 'i' or 'ri' 'ti' refer to an association with a person or a location,
for example: arditi= from ardou 'nino' are used in Spain and Italy
to indicate descendence or association with an attribute.
Suffixes such as 'a' characterize ancient Hebrew names, i.e., AviHatsir'a'
Suffixes such as oulah, oulay, ilah, ily, el, eli are used in Hebrew and Arabic to associate a name with God' blessing.
Suffixes such as 'illo' 'ano' 'ino'
Suffixes such as 'yah', 'yahu' 'hu' are used in Hebrew to denote God's benediction, for example: aviyah, aviyahu, avihu...
Suffixes such as 'oun' 'on' 'yout' 'out' characterize adjectives in Hebrew, for example: Hayoun, hayout...
Suffixes such as 'i' or 'ri' 'ti' refer to an association with a person or a location, for example: arditi= from ardouor ard.
'nino' are used in Spain and Italy to indicate descendence or association with an attribute.
ACRICH David L. (XIXes.). Community leader. Founder of the first community centre and synagogue in Panama.
AKRICH Itshak (XIXes.). Turkey. Rabbi. Excommunicated the Camondo Institution, founded by the philanthrope Abraham Camondo, because he judged it to liberal.
AKRICH Itshak (1489-1578). Spain. Rabbi. Talmudist. Book collector. Editor and publisher. Found refuge in Italy after the Expulsion from Spain. Travelled around the Mediterranean. His descendent settled in Mogador around 1760, when the port city became a centre of international commerce.
ABEHSSERA Chalom Séfér youhassin (Genealogy Registers).
Azoulay, Hayim Yossef Shem Hagdolim (the names of the great)
AZOULAY Haïm Yossef David (Hida) (1724-1807) Chém haguédolim va’ad lahakhamim (The names of the Great Council of Sages).
Levi, J et. al. 2000 Dictionnaire biographique du monde Juif Sepharade et Mediteranean, Editions Elysee, Montreal.
Toledano, J. 1983 La saga des familles, Les juifs du Maroc et leurs noms, Editions Stavit, Tel Aviv
Laredo A. 1978 Les noms des juifs au Maroc (Madrid, 1978)