The meaning of names among Mediterranean Jews
ABENAÉS (Naeh, BarHaNess, Baal HaNess, Baranes, Ness, aNass, Nouss)
among other possible variations depending on the country and language of the person.
Abenaes is represented here by a Portugues Marrano knight. The name is rare in our inventory. The name may be read in a variety of ways. It typifies possible transformations due foreign influences on Jewish names. The name consist of the prefix avi (abe) which implies fatherhood or lineage and the root 'naes' = miracle in Hebrew. It may be associated with the Hebrew name 'BarHaNess' =miracle maker, i.e., Rabbi Meir Baal HaNess). It may mean naeh = 'nice' or 'good looking.' One may read the name as 'aben' = son of and 'aes' or 'ish' in Hebrew. The name has several meanings in Arabic: Nass = person, Nouss = Half, Barani or Baranes = foreigner(s).
to the root name such as (aben, iben, abe, abi, abou, avi, am, ben, bin,
abou, a, aj, al, bel, ha, i, la, lel, me, m, o, wi, vi, ) denotes usually a
relation to a person, i.e., the father of or the son of X, a place, i.e.,
a person from X, an occupation, i.e., a person who practices a specific occupation,
a characteristic of a person, i.e., beautiful... The prefixes al, el are equivalent
to 'the' in English or the article 'le' in French. In the Moroccan Berbers tradition,
prefixes such as 'wi' 'vi' 'i' means usually a family relationship to X, the
equivalent of Abu in Arabic, i.e., 'the father of', 'son of' a man, a tribal
affiliation and so forth.In
the Hebrew tradition, the prefix ‘M ‘ is an abbreviation of
the word 'from.'
prefixes such as BarHa in the name BarHaNess consist of two elements Bar=son
Complex prefixes such as BarHa in the name BarHaNess consist of two elements Bar=son and Ha=the.
such as 'a' characterize ancient Hebrew names, i.e., AviHatsir'a' Suffixes
such as 'i' or 'ri' 'ti' refer to an association with a person or a location,
for example: arditi= from ardou 'nino' are used in Spain and Italy
to indicate descendence or association with an attribute.
Suffixes such as oulah, oulay, ilah, ily, el, eli are used in Hebrew and Arabic to associate a name with God' blessing.
Suffixes such as 'illo' 'ano' 'ino'
Suffixes such as 'yah', 'yahu' 'hu' are used in Hebrew to denote God's benediction, for example: aviyah, aviyahu, avihu...
Suffixws such as 'oun' 'on' 'yout' 'out' characterize adjectives in Hebrew, for example: Hayoun, hayout...
Suffixes such as 'i' or 'ri' 'ti' refer to an association with a person or a location, for example: arditi= from ardouor ard.
'nino' are used in Spain and Italy to indicate descendence or association with an attribute.
ABENAÉS Chélomo (Alvaro Mendés) (1520?-1603). Portugal (Tavira). The Duke of Mytilene. Marrano who returned to Judaism in Istanbul. Diplomat. International businessman. Took over the position of Yossef Nasi as advisor to the Trukish Emperor. Supported the establishment of a Jewish autonomy in Palestine. Tiberias benefited from his support.. Knighted by the Queen of England as well as by the Turkish Emperor.
ABEHSSERA Chalom Séfér youhassin (Genealogy Registers).
Azoulay, Hayim Yossef Shem Hagdolim (the names of the great)
AZOULAY Haïm Yossef David (Hida) (1724-1807) Chém haguédolim va’ad lahakhamim (The names of the Great Council of Sages).
Levi, J et. al. 2000 Dictionnaire biographique du monde Juif Sepharade et Mediteranean, Editions Elysee, Montreal.
Toledano, J. 1983 La saga des familles, Les juifs du Maroc et leurs noms, Editions Stavit, Tel Aviv
Laredo A. 1978 Les noms des juifs au Maroc (Madrid, 1978)